The way it could hurt you: Exposure may cause dizziness, headaches, slurred speech, confusion, muscle twitching, difficulty walking and lack of awareness. Studies on creatures claim that exposure can also be connected with reduced bloodstream cell counts together with toxicity towards the liver and also the reproductive and nervous systems.
Industry intervention: The Alkylphenols & Ethoxylates Research Council, addressing firms that manufacture caffeine, reason that the E.P.A. shouldn’t consider health threats that occur when people don’t follow warning labels.
Where it may seem: Carbon tetrachloride, a obvious liquid having a sweet smell, used to be utilized in refrigeration fluids, aerosol propellants, pesticides, cleaning fluids, place removers and degreasing agents. The majority of individuals uses happen to be banned, but it’s continues to have industrial applications, for example manufacturing petrochemicals.
The way it could hurt you: It may cause injuries towards the kidneys and liver and, at high levels, can lead to fatal harm to the mind and central nervous system.
Industry intervention: Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance argues that worker exposures happen to be controlled by Labor Department rules of safety which “occupational conditions useful don’t pose an not reasonable risk.”
Where it may seem: 1,4-dioxane is really a flammable liquid with a number of industrial applications, like the output of glues and sealants along with other chemicals. It’s utilized in paint strippers, dyes, greases, varnishes and waxes, also it are available in antifreeze, aircraft de-icing fluids, deodorants, shampoos and cosmetics.
The way it could hurt you: The E.P.A. states the chemical is “likely to become cancer causing to humans” which could cause kidney and liver damage. It’s now frequently available at lower levels in consuming water supplies.
Industry intervention: The American Cleaning Institute argues that although many consumer products might have small quantities of 1,4-dioxane, they’re “extraordinarily low levels” and really should be overlooked.
Cyclic Aliphatic Bromide Cluster
Where it may seem: Cyclic aliphatic bromide cluster is several chemicals present in flame retardants, plastic additives and certain polystyrene foams utilized in the development niche for thermal insulation boards.
The way it could hurt you: People might be uncovered towards the chemicals from products and dirt in your home. Animal test results suggest potential reproductive, developmental and nerve effects.
Industry intervention: The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers argues the E.P.A. shouldn’t consider “potential of the accident or misuse, whether intentional or unintended,” when choosing to restrict these chemicals, as “misuse isn’t even foreseeable and will not be incorporated in toxicological risk assessment.”
Where it may seem: Methylene chloride can be used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and memory foam manufacturing. It’s also present in paint strippers, glues, metal cleaners and aerosol solvents. Many goods are offered at diy stores.
The way it could hurt you: Exposure can break the nervous system, with effects including dizziness, incapacitation and, sometimes, dying. It’s also associated with liver toxicity, liver cancer and cancer of the lung. It’s been connected with a large number of deaths. The E.P.A., just days prior to the finish from the Federal government, suggested banning its use like a paint stripper due to these hazards.
Industry intervention: W.M. Barr & Company, the biggest national manufacturer of solvents, removers, fuels and cleaners, requested the E.P.A. to withdraw its suggested rule to ban methylene chloride in paint strippers, quarrelling that it is products do “not produce an not reasonable risk.”
Where it may seem: N-Methylpyrrolidone is really a solvent utilized in petrochemical processing. It are available in plastics, paints, inks, enamels, electronics, industrial and consumer cleaners and crafts and arts materials.
The way it could hurt you: It might pose a specific risk to ladies who are pregnant or of childbearing age, based on studies on creatures that suggest delayed fetal development.
Industry intervention: The NMP Manufacturers Group argues the chemical “is utilized in many domains, in varied processes,” which could be “unworkable for industry and unworkable for EPA” to judge all of them.
Where it may seem: Perchloroethylene, also referred to as perc, is really a solvent broadly utilized in dry-cleaning chemicals, automotive-maintenance systems, cleaning and furniture-maintenance systems, lubricants, greases, glues, sealants and paints and coatings.
The way it could hurt you: High-level inhalation exposure is connected with kidney disorder, dizziness, headache, sleepiness and unconsciousness, while lengthy-term inhalation exposure may modify the liver, the kidneys and also the immune and reproductive systems. The E.P.A. has classified it as being apt to be cancer causing to humans, because it is connected with bladder cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma. It’s also a consuming-water contaminant.
Industry intervention: The Drycleaning and Laundry Institute and also the National Cleaners Association reason that “any future decision to lessen or phase out using perc in drycleaning will put an oppressive burden on a large number of cleaners” which “sadly, in taking any radical regulatory action the Environmental protection agency is going to be doing little to lessen the minimal risks connected using the use, while threatening the long run viability of a large number of dry cleaners.”
Pigment Purple 29
Where it may seem: Pigment Purple 29 can be used in watercolors, acrylic paints, automotive paints, inks for printing and packaging, cleaning and washing agents, pharmaceuticals, solar panels, paper, sports and industrial carpeting. It’s also approved for use in food packaging.
The way it could hurt you: You will find limited health studies, but preliminary work suggests “acute toxicity, eye diseases, skin irritation, skin sensitization,” and possibly reproductive and developmental toxicity.
Industry intervention: Color Pigments Manufacturers Association argues it “does not pose any known hazard in almost any reasonably foreseeable use or misuse, and for that reason cannot produce an not reasonable risk.”
Where it may seem: Trichloroethylene, also referred to as TCE, can be used to create a refrigerant chemical and take away grease from metal parts. It’s also a recognizing agent for dry cleaning and are available in consumer products. The E.P.A., within the final times of the Federal government, suggested a ban on its use within dry-cleaning chemicals, place removers and aerosol degreasers.
The way it could hurt you: It’s connected with cancers from the liver, kidneys and bloodstream. Animal studies claim that it could also be an issue in birth defects, testicular cancer, leukemia, lymphomas and lung tumors. TCE is another consuming-water contaminant.
Industry intervention: The Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance, which manufactures caffeine, argues the E.P.A. has conducted a “very deficient risk assessment.” Pointing to 1 read the E.P.A. has utilized, the audience states that “a single problematic study shouldn’t be the foundation for the toxicological value that can serve as the foundation for regulation.”
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